Christmas Progress Check
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CHRISTMAS PROGRESS CHECK (part I)
1) Divide the words from the box into two columns. (12 points)
presents, pudding, stockings, evergreen tree, Boxing day, greeting cards, carols, mistletoe, mince pies, Santa Clause, Queen’s Speech, turkey
2) Read the text and the chart and provide the missing names. (6 points)
G EORGE V
E DWARD VIII
G EORGE VI
WHY DOES THE QUEEN BROADCAST ON CHRISTMAS DAY?
Listening to the monarch’s broadcast on the BBC at 3.00 in the afternoon on Christmas Day is the only truly modern Christmas ritual.
The person responsible for starting this new ritual was the General Manager of the BBC, John Reith.
In 1923 he put the idea to (1) _____, but the King refused. Reith was disappointed but would not give up. He offered the King a chance to reach his subjects all around the word and (2) ____ finally agreed.
At 3.00p.m. on the 25th of December 1932, the King sat down in front of two large, box-like microphones at Sandringham and the first royal Christmas broadcast was made.
The speech had been written for him by Rudyard Kipling and the wording made a great impact. “I speak now”, said the King, “from my home and from my heart, to you all”.
It was a huge success and the King agreed to repeat it the following December. He continued to make his Christmas broadcast each year until his death in 1936. The tradition would then have passed to his son (3)____, but before Christmas Day 1936 he had abdicated the throne (отрёксяотпрестола).
The new King, (4) ______, was now faced with a nightmare (кошмар). Since the age of seven he had suffered from an acute stammer (заикание) and the idea of making a public broadcast must have filled him with dread.
When (5) _____ died in 1952, his daughter (6)_____ was now faced with the challenge. Her voice was strained but she did her best with the unfamiliar task. In 1957 the Christmas speech was televised for the first time.
She has repeated it each year since then and has become gradually more relaxed and comfortable with the medium. She has not, however, always been well served by her scriptwriters, who have frequently provided her with words that are more politically correct than are heart-warming. With the help of more imaginative writing in the future, the royal broadcast will undoubtedly retain its role as a central ritual of the modern Christmas.
3) Choose the best answer (4 points)
1. The tradition of the monarch’s broadcast appeared when …
John Reith became the general manager of the BBC.
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